27 May 2023 The Hindu Editorial & Vocab Analysis 

women’s performance in civil services exam: 34 per cent milestone

The Hindu editorial today in Hindi

The latest round of hiring for the elite All India Civil Services has yielded a heartening statistic: More than one-third of the new recruits, or 34 per cent, are women. Women took the top four ranks; 12 of the top 20 are women. Women toppers of the three-stage exam, considered one of the toughest in the world, for recruitment to the higher bureaucracy, are not an unusual feature. But the substantive increase in women in the latest intake is heartening. Of a total 933 recruits based on a written test and an interview, 320 are women. The number of women recruits was 215 in 2021 (25.8 per cent), 238 in 2020 (28.5 per cent), and 220 in 2019 (23.9 per cent). That the women who finally make it to an array of all-India services are selected through an objective and rigorous process makes their high representation a milestone, when the corporate world is struggling with gender diversity at its senior levels.

The Hindu editorial free today

It will fall to the government to ensure that this statistic of 34 per cent is not just a flash in the pan, but endures and improves, with a non-discriminatory work culture in a male-dominated eco-system. Some measures are already built into the system, for instance in the set pay structures and redressal mechanisms, unlike in the private sector where paying women less than men at the same level is rampant. Many new recruits, both men and women, claim that the main attraction of a career in government is the opportunity to serve the country. Many may simply revel in the power and prestige of the job, and the opportunities for upward social mobility. More women in high-profile jobs should inspire all women to work.

But the prospect of the closing gender gap in the mid to top rungs of government seems to have made little positive impact on the other more sobering statistic – the formal participation of working age women in the nation’s workforce overall has dropped precipitously from 32 per cent in 2005 to 25 per cent in 2021 (according to the World Bank). One of the world’s fastest growing economies is also where women continue to be held down by patriarchy – the more affluent a woman’s family background and the more highly educated she is, the less likely she is to take up work outside the home, with family pressures on her to act as caregiver, increasing concerns of safety at the workplace and the abysmal public transport in most cities. India can never attain its true economic potential until women participate in greater numbers, not just in the civil services, but in the workforce as whole.

The Hindu Vocabulary PDF 2023


1. Milestone (noun) – Achievement, highpoint, aim, target, landmark

2. Elite (adjective) – Superior, high-class, top- notch, exclusive, select श्रेष्ठ

3. Yield (verb) – Produce, generate, give, provide, deliver देना

4. Heartening (adjective) – Encouraging, uplifting, inspiring, reassuring, comforting उत्साहजनक

5. Statistic (noun) – Figure, data, number, measure, fact आंकड़ा

6. Recruit (noun) – Newcomer, novice, entrant, beginner, rookie भर्ती

7. Bureaucracy (noun) – Administration, officialdom, system, establishment, management दफ्तरशाही, अधिकारी-वर्ग

8. Unusual (adjective) – Uncommon, atypical, out-of-the-ordinary, rare, strange असामान्य

9. Substantive (adjective) – Significant, meaningful, important, considerable, major ठोस

10. Intake (noun) – Influx, entry, admission, enrollment, incoming प्रवेश

11. Make it (phrase) – Succeed, achieve success, accomplish, prevail, triumph सफल होना

12. Array (noun) – Assortment, range, collection, variety, selection सिलसिला

13. Rigorous (adjective) – Strict, severe, stringent, exacting, tough कठोर

14. Representation (noun) – Portrayal, depiction, image, presentation, reflection प्रतिनिधित्व

15. Struggle (with) (verb) – Battle, grapple, wrestle, confront, challenge संघर्ष करना

16. Gender diversity (noun) – Gender diversity is equitable or fair representation of people of different genders लिंग विविधता

17. Fall to someone (phrase) – Be someone’s responsibility or duty किसी की जिम्मेदारी बनना

18. Ensure (verb) – Guarantee, assure, confirm, secure, make certain सुनिश्चित करना

19. A flash in the pan (phrase) – something that happened only once or for a short time and was not repeated एक बार की चमक

20. Endure (verb) – Last, continue, persist, remain, go on चालू रहना

The Hindu Vocabulary PDF with Hindi Meaning

21. Non-discriminatory (adjective) – Fair, impartial, unbiased, equal, just गैर – भेदभावपूर्ण

22. Ecosystem (noun) – Environment, habitat, sphere, biosphere, complex पारिस्थितिकी तंत्र

23. For instance (phrase) For example, as an example, to illustrate, such as उदाहरण के लिए

24. Redressal (noun) – Correction, remedy, resolution, rectification, reparation सुधार

25. Mechanism (noun) – Process, system, method, procedure, technique तंत्र

26. Unlike (preposition) – Dissimilar to, different from, not like, not similar to, अलग

27. Rampant (adjective) – Uncontrolled, unchecked, unrestrained, अनियंत्रित

28. Claim (verb) – Assert, state, declare, proclaim, दावा करना

29. Revel (verb) – Delight, relish, enjoy greatly, celebrate, खुश होना

30. Prestige (noun) – Status, reputation, esteem, आदर प्रतिष्ठा

31. Social mobility (noun) – Social mobility refers to the shift in an individual’s social status from one status to another’

32. Inspire (verb) – Motivate, stimulate, influence, stir, encourage, प्रेरित करना

33. Prospect (noun) – Outlook, expectation, possibility, hope, outlook आशा

34. Rung (noun) – Level, position, rank, पायदान

35. Sobering (adjective) – Serious, solemn, grave; creating a more serious, sensible, or solemn mood. गंभीर

36. Workforce (noun) – Labour force, workers, employees, कर्मचारियों

37. Precipitously (adverb) – Steeply, sharply, abruptly, अचानक

38. Economies (noun) – Countries in terms of GDP

39. Hold down (phrasal verb) – Restrain, hinder, impede, काबू में रखना

40. Patriarchy (noun) – a society in which the oldest male is the leader of the family पितृसत्ता

41. Affluent (adjective) – Wealthy, rich, prosperous, well-off, धनी

42. Abysmal (adjective) – Terrible, appalling, dreadful, awful, appalling भयानक

43. Attain (verb) – Achieve, reach, accomplish, get, प्राप्त करना

44. Economic (adjective) – Financial, fiscal, monetary, आर्थिक

45. Potential (noun) – Possibility, capability, capacity, ability, aptitude क्षमता


Be the first to comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.