22 May 2023 The Hindu Editorial & Vocab Analysis 

Withdrawal of Rs 2000 note: Here we go again

The Hindu editorial today in Hindi

In a decision that revives echoes of the November 8, 2016 decree, the Reserve Bank of India on Friday announced withdrawal of the Rs 2,000 denomination note from circulation. There are two noticeable departures from demonetisation in 2016. One, these notes will continue to remain legal tender. And two, people have been allowed a four-month window ending on September 30 to either deposit or exchange the Rs 2,000 note. Technically, therefore, this may not be considered demonetisation – there is little clarity, also, over the status of these notes on October 1. But this decision only reinforces the view that the introduction of the Rs 2000 note directly contradicted the claims made at the time by the government that demonetisation of Rs 500 and Rs 1,000 notes was a well thought out, effective and permanent strike against black money.
From an operational perspective, Friday’s decision seems unnecessary. As per the RBI’s annual report, no fresh Rs 2,000 notes have been supplied by the printing presses in the past few years. And as the disposal of soiled notes has been steadily increasing, this note was in effect losing its share in the larger economy. In 2019, the Rs 2,000 note accounted for 31.2 per cent of the value of all notes in circulation. By 2022, it had fallen to 13.8 per cent. And by the end of March 2023, it had fallen further. This implies that over time the share of this high denomination note would have fallen further, and as the numbers of soiled notes rose, it could have been slowly phased out of circulation without causing disruption to the system and inconvenience to the public. The RBI, in its wisdom, has stipulated that the exchange of the Rs 2,000 note cannot exceed Rs 20,000 at a time hopefully, it has made provisions of lower denomination notes in banks for the exchange. There may be a pattern here of disruptive policy moves that raise concerns of transparency and of costs outstripping the presumed benefits. The recent decision to include international credit card transactions under the liberalised remittance scheme, attracting a higher rate of tax collected at source, fits this pattern.
Such decisions raise more questions than answers and shine unflattering light on policy-making in the fifth largest economy in the world. In 2016, demonetisation was announced by the prime minister. On Friday, it was the RBI that communicated the decision. Both government and RBI must address apprehensions that, six and a half years later, few lessons have been learnt.


1. Revive (verb) – Renew, restore, restart, stimulate, reawaken पुनरजीवित करना
2. Echo (noun) – Resonance, reverberation, reflection, repetition, reiteration गूंज
3. Denomination (noun) – Value, money, coinage, penny मूल्यवर्ग
4. Noticeable (adjective) – Perceptible, visible, clear, discernible, distinct ध्यान देने योग्य
5. Departure (noun) – Deviation, divergence, difference, shift, change विचलन
6. Demonetisation (noun) – The process of eliminating the lawful acceptance status of a monetary unit विमुद्रीकरण
7. Legal tender (noun) a form of money that courts of law are required to recognize as satisfactory payment for any monetary debt. वैध मुद्रा
8. Window (noun) – Opportunity, interval, timeframe, period, duration मौका
9. Reinforce (verb) – Strengthen, fortify, bolster, intensify, augment मजबूत करना
10. Contradict (verb) – Deny, dispute, oppose, challenge, counter विरोध करना
11. Claim (noun) – Assertion, contention, declaration, statement, allegation दावा
12. Strike (noun) – Attack, offensive, hit, raid, assault हमला
13. Perspective (noun) – Viewpoint, standpoint, position, stance, approach दृष्टिकोण
14. Disposal (noun) – Removal, clearance, elimination, riddance, eradication निपटान
15. Soiled (adjective) – Dirty, grimy, filthy, mucky, stained सड़े-गले
16. Steadily (adverb) – Constantly, continuously, persistently, unswervingly, steadily स्थिरता से
17. In effect (phrase) – Essentially, basically, practically, in essence, fundamentally. वास्तव में
18. Account for (phrasal verb) – comprise, make up, total, represent, constitute, उत्तरदयी होना
19. Imply (verb) – Suggest, hint, insinuate, infer, indicate सूचित करना
20. Phase out (phrasal verb) – Gradual removal, withdraw gradually, discontinue, wind down, eliminate धीरे- धीरे समाप्त करना
21. Disruption (noun) – Disturbance, interruption, interference, hindrance, impediment विघ्न, बाधा
22. Inconvenience (noun) – Discomfort, annoyance, difficulty, trouble, bother असुविधा
23. In its wisdom (phrase) – used ironically to suggest that someone’s action is not well judged. अपनी बुद्धि से
24. Stipulate (verb) – Specify, set down, lay down, demand, require निर्धारित करना
25. Disruptive (adjective) – Destabilizing, disturbing, disorderly, chaotic, tumultuous विघटनकारी
26. Transparency (noun) – Clarity, openness, lucidity, pellucidity, clearness पारदर्शिता
27. Outstrip (verb) – Surpass, exceed, outdo, eclipse, transcend बढ़ चुके हैं, बढ़ जाना
28. Presumed (adjective) – Assumed, supposed, presumed, inferred, postulated माना गया
29. Liberalised remittance scheme (LRS) (noun) An RBI initiative that allows resident individuals to remit a certain amount of money during a financial year to another country for investment and expenditure
30. Shine light on (phrase) – Illuminate, clarify, elucidate, highlight, spotlight प्रकाश डालना
31. Unflattering (adjective) – Uncomplimentary, disparaging, derogatory, deprecating, pejorative अप्रशंसनीय
32. Policy-making (noun) – The act of creating or changing laws, rules, or procedures नीति-निर्माण
33. Address (verb) – Tackle, deal with, attend to, take care of, handle , सुलझाना निपटाना
34. Apprehension (noun) – Anxiety, worry, unease, nervousness, misgiving चिंता


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